Tuesday, April 17, 2007

Top 5 chemical warfare chemists

1) Fritz Haber (1868-1934)
'The father of chemical warfare', Haber, initiated the use of poison gasses like chlorine in WWI. In the Second Battle of Ypres Germany deployed 180 tonnes of chlorine to kill Canadian and British troops. Fritz Haber developed Zyklon B as well, an agent that would later kill many members of his family. Haber's wife disliked Haber's warfare research and this was supposedly the reason she commited suicide.

2) Victor Grignard (1871-1935)
During WWI Grignard was Haber's counterpart. Working in Paris on the manufacture of phosgene for use as poison gas. Haber combined chlorine and phosgene to get an even more effective poison.

3) Alfred Nobel (1833-1896)
Nobel invented dynamite for the mining industry and filed a patent (US78317) in 1868. It made him very rich. The substance had some off-label use in various wars.

4) Gerhard Schrader (1903-1990)
'Father of the nerve agents'
Co)inventor of nerve agents like Tabun, Sarin, Soman and Cyclosarin. The most famous agent, sarin, was used by Iraq against Iran in the 1980-88 war.

5) Louis Fieser (1899-1977)

Invented formula for napalm for millitary use in 1943. Produced by Dow Chemical in WWII. Napalm is well known because of use in the Vietnam war by the USA.

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